Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act 1949 (c. 75)
1949 c. 75 - continued

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Provisions as to entry and inspection.


        89.—(1)  Any person authorised by the Secretary of State in that behalf shall have power at all reasonable times to enter on and inspect any land for the purpose of determining whether, and if so in what manner, any of the powers conferred on the Secretary of State by this Act are to be exercised in relation to the land, or whether, and if so in what manner, any direction given under any such power has been complied with.

    (2)  Any person authorised by the Secretary of State who proposes to exercise any power of entry or inspection conferred by this Act shall, if so required, produce some duly authenticated document showing his authority to exercise the power.

    (3)  Admission to any land used for residential purposes shall not be demanded as of right in the exercise of any such power as aforesaid unless twenty-four hours notice of the intended entry has been given to the occupier of the land.

    (4)  Save as provided by the last foregoing subsection, admission to any land shall not be demanded as of right in the exercise of any such power as aforesaid unless notice has been given to the occupier of the land that it is proposed to enter during a period, specified in the notice, not exceeding fourteen days and beginning at least twenty-four hours after the giving of the notice and the entry is made on the land during the period specified in the notice.

    (5)  Any person who obstructs any person authorised by the Secretary of State exercising any such power as aforesaid shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five pounds in the case of a first offence or twenty pounds in the case of a second or any subsequent offence.


Service of notices, etc.


        90.—(1)  Any notice or other document required or authorised by or under this Act to be given to or served on any person shall be duly given or served if it is delivered to him, or left at his proper address, or sent to him by post in a registered letter.

    (2)  Any such document required or authorised to be given to or served on an incorporated company or body shall be duly given or served if given to or served on the secretary or clerk of the company or body.

    (3)  For the purposes of this section and of section twenty-six of the Interpretation Act, 1889, the proper address of any person to or on whom any such document as aforesaid is to be given or served shall, in the case of the secretary or cleric of any incorporated company or body, be that of the registered or principal office of the company or body, and in any other case be the last known address of the person in question.

    (4)  Unless or until the tenant of an agricultural holding shall have received notice that the person theretofore entitled to receive the rents and profits of the holding (hereinafter referred to as "the original landlord") has ceased to be so entitled, and also notice of the name and address of the person who has become entitled to receive such rents and profits, any notice or other document served on or delivered to the original landlord by the tenant shall be deemed to have been served on or delivered to the landlord of the holding.


Prohibition of appeal from sheriff substitute.


        91.   Where any jurisdiction committed by this Act to the sheriff is exercised by the sheriff substitute, there shall be no appeal to the sheriff.


Revocation and variation of orders.


        92.   Any power conferred on the Secretary of State by this Act to make an order shall include a power, exercisable in the like manner and subject to the like conditions, to revoke or vary the order.


Interpretation.


        93.—(1)  In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the meanings hereby respectively assigned to them, that is to say—

    "absolute owner" means the owner or person capable of disposing by disposition or otherwise of the fee simple or dominium utile of the whole interest of or in land, although the land, or his interest therein, is burdened, charged, or encumbered;

    "agricultural holding" has the meaning assigned to it by section one of this Act;

    "agricultural unit" means land which is an agricultural unit for the purposes of the Agriculture (Scotland) Act, 1948 ;

    "agriculture" includes horticulture, fruit growing, seed growing, dairy farming and livestock breeding and keeping, the use of land as grazing land, meadow land, osier land, market gardens and nursery grounds, and the use of land for woodlands where that use is ancillary to the farming of land for other agricultural purposes, and "agricultural" shall be construed accordingly;

    "building" includes any part of a building;

    "Defence Regulations" means Regulations made under the Emergency Powers (Defence) Acts, 1939 and 1940;

    "fixed equipment" includes any building or structure affixed to land and any works on, in, over or under land, and also includes anything grown on land for a purpose other than use after severance from the land, consumption of the thing grown or of produce thereof, or amenity, and, without prejudice to the foregoing generality, includes the following things, that is to say—

       (a)    all permanent buildings, including farm houses and farm cottages, necessary for the proper conduct of the agricultural holding;
       (b)    all permanent fences, including hedges, stone dykes, gate posts and gates;
       (c)    all ditches, open drains and tile drains, conduits and culverts, ponds, sluices, flood banks and main water courses;
       (d)    stells, fanks, folds, dippers, pens and bughts necessary for the proper conduct of the holding;
       (e)    farm access or service roads, bridges and fords;
       (f)    water and sewerage systems;
       (g)    electrical installations including generating plant, fixed motors, wiring systems, switches and plug sockets;
       (h)    shelter belts;

    and references to fixed equipment on land shall be construed accordingly;

    "former enactment relating to agricultural holdings" means Part I of the Agriculture (Scotland) Act, 1948, Part II of the Small Landholders and Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act, 1931, the Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act, 1923, and any enactment repealed by the last-mentioned Act;

    "Land Court" means the Scottish Land Court;

    "landlord" means any person for the time being entitled to receive the rents and profits or to take possession of any agricultural holding, and includes the executor, administrator, assignee, heir-at-law, legatee, disponee, next-of-kin, guardian, curator bonis or trustee in bankruptcy, of a landlord;

    "lease" means a letting of land for a term of years, or for lives, or for lives and years, or from year to year;

    "livestock" includes any creature kept for the production of food, wool, skins or fur, or for the purpose of its use in the farming of land ;

    "market garden" means a holding, cultivated, wholly or mainly, for the purpose of the trade or business of market gardening;

    "new improvement" has the meaning assigned to it by subsection (2) of section forty-seven of this Act;

    "old improvement" has the meaning assigned to it by subsection (2) of section thirty-six of this Act;

    "1923 Act improvement" and "1931 Act improvement" have the meanings respectively assigned to them by subsection (1) of section thirty-six of this Act;

    "pasture" includes meadow;

    "prescribed" means prescribed by the Secretary of State by regulations made by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament;

    "produce" includes anything (whether live or dead) produced in the course of agriculture;

    "tenant" means the holder of land under a lease and includes the executor, administrator, assignee, heir-at-law, legatee, disponee, next-of-kin, guardian, curator bonis, or trustee in bankruptcy, of a tenant;

    "termination", in relation to a tenancy, means the termination of the lease by reason of effluxion of time or from any other cause;

    "Whitsunday" and "Martinmas" in relation to any lease entered into on or after the first day of November, nineteen hundred and forty-eight, mean respectively the twenty-eighth day of May and the twenty-eighth day of November.

    (2)  The provisions of the Fifth and Sixth Schedules to the Agriculture (Scotland) Act, 1948, (which have effect respectively for the purpose of determining for the purposes of that Act whether the owner of agricultural land is fulfilling his responsibilities to manage it in accordance with the rules of good estate management and whether the occupier Of such land is fulfilling his responsibilities to farm it in accordance with the rules of good husbandry) shall have effect for the purposes of this Act as they have effect for the purposes of that Act.

    (3)  References in this Act to the farming of land include references to the carrying on in relation to the land of any agricultural activity.

    (4)  References in this Act to the use of land for agriculture include, in relation to land forming part of an agricultural unit, references to any use of the land in connection with the fanning of the unit.

    (5)  References to the terms, conditions, or requirements of a lease of or of an agreement relating to an agricultural holding shall be construed as including references to any obligations, conditions or liabilities implied by the custom of the country in respect of the holding.

    (6)  The designations of landlord and tenant shall continue to apply to the parties until the conclusion of any proceedings taken under or in pursuance of this Act in respect of compensation for improvements or under any agreement made in pursuance of this Act.

    (7)  Anything which by or under this Act is required or authorised to be done by, to or in respect of the landlord or the tenant of an agricultural holding may be done by, to or in respect of any agent of the landlord or of the tenant.


Amendments of other Acts.


        94.   The enactments specified in the Seventh Schedule to this Act shall have effect subject to the amendments specified in that Schedule.


Construction of references in other Acts to holdings as defined by the Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act, 1923.


        95.—(1)  References, in whatever terms, in any enactment, other than an enactment contained in this Act, in the Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Acts, 1923 and 1931, or in Part I of the Agriculture (Scotland) Act, 1948, to a holding within the meaning of the Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act, 1923, or of the Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Acts, 1923 to 1948, shall be construed as references to an agricultural holding as defined by section one of this Act.

    (2)  The foregoing subsection shall not apply to an enactment in so far as its operation is material for the purposes of the provisions of the said Acts of 1923 and 1931 or the said Act of 1948 to the extent to which they are excepted from the repeal of enactments effected by this Act.


Improvements carried out before 1909.


        96.   The compensation in respect of an improvement made or begun before the first day of January, nineteen hundred and nine (being the date of the commencement of the Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act, 1908), or made upon an agricultural holding held under a lease, other than a lease from year to year, current on the first day of January, eighteen hundred and eighty-four, shall be such (if any) as could have been claimed if the Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Acts, 1923 to 1948, and this Act had not passed, but the procedure for the ascertainment and recovery thereof shall be such as is provided by this Act, and the amount so ascertained shall be payable, recoverable and chargeable as if it were compensation under this Act.


Repeal of enactments.


        97.   Subject to the provisions of the next following section, the enactments specified in the first and second columns of the Eighth Schedule to this Act are hereby repealed to the extent specified in the third column of that Schedule.

 
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